Motion - Bug Report 2005x 07x 14x 172735

BUG: motion events written in reverse order (with netcams)

I have my camera pointed at a busy street. I am seeing motion pictures posted in reverse order. For example, car enters scene is 02-20050714095026-00.jpg, car depart scene is 02-20050714095022-00.jpg. Seems like the first motion capture picture is not written and flushed after the motion event completes several seconds later. The movie produced by ffmpeg has the same sequencing problem.

Test case

Camera is a D-Link DCS 900W

motion.conf

videodevice /dev/video0
 
# Tuner device to be used for capturing using tuner as source (default /dev/tuner0)
# This is ONLY used for FreeBSD. Leave it commented out for Linux
; tunerdevice /dev/tuner0
 
# The video input to be used (default: 8)
# Should normally be set to 1 for video/TV cards, and 8 for USB cameras
input 8
 
# The video norm to use (only for video capture and TV tuner cards)
# Values: 0 (PAL), 1 (NTSC), 2 (SECAM), 3 (PAL NC no colour). Default: 0 (PAL)
norm 0
 
# The frequency to set the tuner to (kHz) (only for TV tuner cards) (default: 0)
frequency 0
 
# Rotate image this number of degrees. The rotation affects all saved images as
# well as mpeg movies. Valid values: 0 (default = no rotation), 90, 180 and 270.
rotate 0
 
# Image width (pixels). Valid range: Camera dependent, default: 352
width 320
 
# Image height (pixels). Valid range: Camera dependent, default: 288
height 240
 
# Maximum number of frames to be captured per second.
# Valid range: 2-100. Default: 100 (almost no limit).
framerate 2
 
# URL to use if you are using a network camera, size will be autodetected (incl http://)
# Must be a URL that returns single jpeg pictures or a raw mjpeg stream. Default: Not defined
netcam_url http://192.168.1.150/IMAGE.JPG
 
# Username and password for network camera (only if required). Default: not defined
# Syntax is user:password
netcam_userpass pwalden:pond
 
# Let motion regulate the brightness of a video device (default: off).
# The auto_brightness feature uses the brightness option as its target value.
# If brightness is zero auto_brightness will adjust to average brightness value 128.
# Only recommended for cameras without auto brightness
auto_brightness off
 
# Set the initial brightness of a video device.
# If auto_brightness is enabled, this value defines the average brightness level
# which Motion will try and adjust to.
# Valid range 0-255, default 0 = disabled
brightness 0
 
# Set the contrast of a video device.
# Valid range 0-255, default 0 = disabled
contrast 0
 
# Set the saturation of a video device.
# Valid range 0-255, default 0 = disabled
saturation 0
 
# Set the hue of a video device (NTSC feature).
# Valid range 0-255, default 0 = disabled
hue 0
 
 
############################################################
# Round Robin (multiple inputs on same video device name)
############################################################
 
# Number of frames to capture in each roundrobin step (default: 1)
roundrobin_frames 1
 
# Number of frames to skip before each roundrobin step (default: 1)
roundrobin_skip 1
 
# Try to filter out noise generated by roundrobin (default: 0)
switchfilter 0
 
 
############################################################
# Motion Detection Settings:
############################################################
 
# Threshold for number of changed pixels in an image that
# triggers motion detection (default: 1500)
threshold 1500
 
# Automatically tune the threshold down if possible (default: off)
threshold_tune off
 
# Noise threshold for the motion detection (default: 32)
noise_level 32
 
# Automatically tune the noise threshold (default: on)
noise_tune on
 
# Enables motion to adjust its detection/noise level for very dark frames
# Don't use this with noise_tune on. (default: off)
night_compensate off
 
# Despeckle motion image using (e)rode or (d)ilate or (l)abel (Default: not defined)
# Recommended value is EedDl. Any combination (and number of) of E, e, d, and D is valid.
# (l)abeling must only be used once and the 'l' must be the last letter.
# Comment out to disable
despeckle EedDl
 
# PGM file to use as a sensitivity mask.
# Full path name to. (Default: not defined)
; mask_file value
 
# Dynamically create a mask file during operation (default: 0)
# Adjust speed of mask changes from 0 (off) to 10 (fast)
smart_mask_speed 0
 
# Ignore sudden massive light intensity changes given as a percentage of the picture
# area that changed intensity. Valid range: 0 - 100 , default: 0 = disabled
lightswitch 0
 
# Picture frames must contain motion at least the specified number of frames
# in a row before they are detected as true motion. At the default of 1, all
# motion is detected. Valid range: 1 to thousands, recommended 1-10
minimum_motion_frames 1
 
# Specifies the number of pre-captured (buffered) pictures from before motion
# was detected that will be output at motion detection (default: 0)
pre_capture 0
 
# Number of frames to capture after motion is no longer detected (default: 0)
post_capture 0
 
# Gap is the seconds of no motion detection that triggers the end of an event
# An event is defined as a series of motion images taken within a short timeframe.
# Recommended value is 60 seconds (Default). The value 0 is allowed and disables
# events causing all Motion to be written to one single mpeg file and no pre_capture.
gap 300
 
# Minimum gap in seconds between the storing pictures while detecting motion.
# Default: 0 = as fast as possible (given by the camera framerate)
# Note: This option has nothing to do with the option 'gap'
minimum_gap 0
 
# Maximum length in seconds of an mpeg movie
# When value is exceeded a new mpeg file is created. (Default: 0 = infinite)
max_mpeg_time 0
 
# Number of frames per second to capture when not detecting
# motion (saves CPU load) (Default: 0 = disabled)
low_cpu 0
 
# Always save images even if there was no motion (default: off)
output_all off
 
 
############################################################
# Image File Output
############################################################
 
# Output 'normal' pictures when motion is detected (default: on)
# Valid values: on, off, first, best
# When set to 'first', only the first picture of an event is saved.
# Picture with most motion of an event is saved when set to 'best'.
# Can be used as preview shot for the corresponding movie.
output_normal on
 
# Output pictures with only the pixels moving object (ghost images) (default: off)
output_motion off
 
# The quality (in percent) to be used by the jpeg compression (default: 75)
quality 75
 
# Output ppm images instead of jpeg (default: off)
ppm off
 
 
############################################################
# Film (mpeg) File Output - ffmpeg based
############################################################
 
# Use ffmpeg to encode mpeg movies in realtime (default: off)
ffmpeg_cap_new on
 
# Use ffmpeg to make movies with only the pixels moving
# object (ghost images) (default: off)
ffmpeg_cap_motion off
 
# Use ffmpeg to encode a timelapse movie
# Default value 0 = off - else save frame every Nth second
ffmpeg_timelapse 0
 
# The file rollover mode of the timelapse video
# Valid values: hourly, daily (default), weekly-sunday, weekly-monday, monthly, manual
ffmpeg_timelapse_mode daily
 
# Bitrate to be used by the ffmpeg encoder (default: 400000)
# This option is ignored if ffmpeg_variable_bitrate is not 0 (disabled)
ffmpeg_bps 500000
 
# Enables and defines variable bitrate for the ffmpeg encoder.
# ffmpeg_bps is ignored if variable bitrate is enabled.
# Valid values: 0 (default) = fixed bitrate defined by ffmpeg_bps,
# or the range 2 - 31 where 2 means best quality and 31 is worst.
ffmpeg_variable_bitrate 0
 
# Codec to used by ffmpeg for the video compression.
# Timelapse mpegs are always made in mpeg1 format independent from this option.
# Supported formats are: mpeg1 (ffmpeg-0.4.8 only), mpeg4 (default), and msmpeg4.
# mpeg1 - gives you files with extension .mpg
# mpeg4 or msmpeg4 - give you files with extension .avi
# msmpeg4 is recommended for use with Windows Media Player because
# it requires no installation of codec on the Windows client.
ffmpeg_video_codec mpeg4
 
 
############################################################
# Snapshots (Traditional Periodic Webcam File Output)
############################################################
 
# Make automated snapshot every N seconds (default: 0 = disabled)
snapshot_interval 0
 
 
############################################################
# Text Display
# %Y = year, %m = month, %d = date,
# %H = hour, %M = minute, %S = second, %T = HH:MM:SS,
# %v = event, %q = frame number, \n = new line,
# %D = changed pixels, %N = noise level,
# %i and %J = width and height of motion area,
# %K and %L = X and Y coordinates of motion center
# You can put quotation marks around the text to allow
# leading spaces
############################################################
 
# Locate and draw a box around the moving object.
# Valid values: on, off and preview (default: off)
# Set to 'preview' will only draw a box in preview_shot pictures.
locate off
 
# Draws the timestamp using same options as C function strftime(3)
# Default: %Y-%m-%d\n%T = date in ISO format and time in 24 hour clock
# Text is placed in lower right corner
text_right %Y-%m-%d\n%T-%q
 
# Draw a user defined text on the images using same options as C function strftime(3)
# Default: Not defined = no text
# Text is placed in lower left corner
; text_left value
 
# Draw the number of changed pixed on the images (default: off)
# Will normally be set to off except when you setup and adjust the motion settings
# Text is placed in upper right corner
text_changes off
 
 
############################################################
# Target Directories and filenames For Images And Films
# For the options snapshot_, jpeg_, mpeg_ and timelapse_filename
# you can use conversion specifiers
# %Y = year, %m = month, %d = date,
# %H = hour, %M = minute, %S = second,
# %v = event, %q = frame number
# %D = changed pixels, %N = noise level,
# %i and %J = width and height of motion area,
# %K and %L = X and Y coordinates of motion center
# Quotation marks round string are allowed.
############################################################
 
# Target base directory for pictures and films
# Recommended to use absolute patch. (Default: current working directory)
target_dir /var/www/html/Photos/webcam
 
# File path for snapshots (jpeg or ppm) relative to target_dir
# Default: %v-%Y%m%d%H%M%S-snapshot
# Default value is equivalent to legacy oldlayout option
# For Motion 3.0 compatible mode choose: %Y/%m/%d/%H/%M/%S-snapshot
# File extension .jpg or .ppm is automatically added so do not include this.
# Note: A symbolic link called lastsnap.jpg created in the target_dir will always
# point to the latest snapshot, unless snapshot_filename is exactly 'lastsnap'
snapshot_filename %v-%Y%m%d%H%M%S-snapshot
 
# File path for motion triggered images (jpeg or ppm) relative to target_dir
# Default: %v-%Y%m%d%H%M%S-%q
# Default value is equivalent to legacy oldlayout option
# For Motion 3.0 compatible mode choose: %Y/%m/%d/%H/%M/%S-%q
# File extension .jpg or .ppm is automatically added so do not include this
# Set to 'preview' together with best-preview feature enables special naming
# convention for preview shots. See motion guide for details
jpeg_filename %v-%Y%m%d%H%M%S-%q
 
# File path for motion triggered ffmpeg films (mpeg) relative to target_dir
# Default: %v-%Y%m%d%H%M%S
# Default value is equivalent to legacy oldlayout option
# For Motion 3.0 compatible mode choose: %Y/%m/%d/%H%M%S
# File extension .mpg or .avi is automatically added so do not include this
ffmpeg_filename %v-%Y%m%d%H%M%S
 
# File path for timelapse mpegs relative to target_dir
# Default: %Y%m%d-timelapse
# Default value is near equivalent to legacy oldlayout option
# For Motion 3.0 compatible mode choose: %Y/%m/%d-timelapse
# File extension .mpg is automatically added so do not include this
timelapse_filename %Y%m%d-timelapse
 
 
############################################################
# Live Webcam Server
############################################################
 
# The mini-http server listens to this port for requests (default: 0 = disabled)
webcam_port 8081
 
# Quality of the jpeg images produced (default: 50)
webcam_quality 50
 
# Only output frames if motion is detected (default: off)
webcam_motion off
 
# Maximum framerate for webcam streams (default: 1)
webcam_maxrate 1
 
# Restrict webcam connections to localhost only (default: on)
webcam_localhost on
 
# Limits the number of images per connection (default: 0 = unlimited)
# Number can be defined by multiplying actual webcam rate by desired number of seconds
# Actual webcam rate is the smallest of the numbers framerate and webcam_maxrate
webcam_limit 0
 
 
############################################################
# HTTP Based Control
############################################################
 
# TCP/IP port for the http server to listen on (default: 0 = disabled)
control_port 8080
 
# Restrict control connections to localhost only (default: on)
control_localhost on
 
# Output for http server, select off to choose raw text plain (default: on)
control_html_output on
 
# Authentication for the http based control. Syntax username:password
# Default: not defined (Disabled)
; control_authentication username:password
 
 
############################################################
# Tracking (Pan/Tilt)
############################################################
 
# Type of tracker (0=none (default), 1=stepper, 2=iomojo, 3=pwc, 4=generic)
# The generic type enables the definition of motion center and motion size to
# be used with the convertion specifiers for options like on_motion_detected
track_type 0
 
# Serial port of motor (default: none)
; track_port value
 
# Motor number for x-axis (default: -1)
track_motorx -1
 
# Maximum value on x-axis (default: 0)
track_maxx 0
 
# ID of an iomojo camera if used (default: 0)
track_iomojo_id 0
 
# Speed to set the motor to (default: 255)
track_speed 255
 
# Number of steps to make (default: 40)
track_stepsize 40
 
 
############################################################
# External Commands, Warnings and Logging:
# You can use conversion specifiers for the on_xxxx commands
# %Y = year, %m = month, %d = date,
# %H = hour, %M = minute, %S = second,
# %v = event, %q = frame number
# %D = changed pixels, %N = noise level,
# %i and %J = width and height of motion area,
# %K and %L = X and Y coordinates of motion center
# Quotation marks round string are allowed.
############################################################
 
# Do not sound beeps when detecting motion (default: on)
# Note: Motion never beeps when running in daemon mode.
quiet on
 
# Command to be executed when an event starts. (default: none)
# An event starts at first motion detected after a period of no motion defined by gap
; on_event_start value
 
# Command to be executed when an event ends after a period of no motion
# (default: none). The period of no motion is defined by option gap.
; on_event_end value
 
# Command to be executed when a picture (.ppm|.jpg) is saved (default: none)
# The filename of the picture is appended as an argument for the command.
; on_picture_save value
 
# Command to be executed when a motion frame is detected (default: none)
; on_motion_detected value
 
# Command to be executed when a movie file (.mpg|.avi) is created. (default: none)
# Filename of movie is appended as an argument for the command.
; on_movie_start value
 
# Command to be executed when a movie file (.mpg|.avi) is closed. (default: none)
# Filename of movie is appended as an argument for the command.
; on_movie_end value
 
 
############################################################
# Common Options For MySQL and PostgreSQL database features.
# Options require the MySQL/PostgreSQL options to be active also.
############################################################
 
# Log to the database when creating motion triggered image file  (default: on)
;sql_log_image on
 
# Log to the database when creating a snapshot image file (default: on)
;sql_log_snapshot on
 
# Log to the database when creating motion triggered mpeg file (default: off)
;sql_log_mpeg off
 
# Log to the database when creating timelapse mpeg file (default: off)
;sql_log_timelapse off
 
 
############################################################
# Database Options For MySQL
############################################################
 
# Mysql database to log to (default: not defined)
; mysql_db value
 
# The host on which the database is located (default: not defined)
; mysql_host value
 
# User account name for MySQL database (default: not defined)
; mysql_user value
 
# User password for MySQL database (default: not defined)
; mysql_password value
 
 
############################################################
# Database Options For PostgreSQL
############################################################
 
# PostgreSQL database to log to (default: not defined)
; pgsql_db value
 
# The host on which the database is located (default: not defined)
; pgsql_host value
 
# User account name for PostgreSQL database (default: not defined)
; pgsql_user value
 
# User password for PostgreSQL database (default: not defined)
; pgsql_password value
 
# Port on which the PostgreSQL database is located (default: 5432)
; pgsql_port 5432
 
 
############################################################
# Video Loopback Device (vloopback project)
############################################################
 
# Output images to a video4linux loopback device
# The value '-' means next available (default: not defined)
; video_pipe value
 
# Output motion images to a video4linux loopback device
# The value '-' means next available (default: not defined)
; motion_video_pipe value
 
 
##############################################################
# Thread config files - One for each camera.
# Except if only one camera - You only need this config file.
# If you have more than one camera you MUST define one thread
# config file for each camera in addition to this config file.
##############################################################
 
# Remember: If you have more than one camera you must have one
# thread file for each camera. E.g. 2 cameras requires 3 files:
# This motion.conf file AND thread1.conf and thread2.conf.
# Only put the options that are unique to each camera in the
# thread config files.
; thread /usr/local/etc/thread1.conf
; thread /usr/local/etc/thread2.conf
; thread /usr/local/etc/thread3.conf
; thread /usr/local/etc/thread4.conf

Environment

Motion version: 3.2.1
ffmpeg version: 0.4.8
Shared libraries: curl, ffmpeg
Server OS: Redhat 9, 2.4.20-31.9

-- PhilipWalden - 14 Jul 2005

Follow up

I have never seen this in recent times.

What kind of camera do you use? Netcam?

Can you post your motion.conf file please? (You can attach it to this topic).

Also please give any additional information that can help us.

-- KennethLavrsen - 15 Jul 2005


Put <VERBATIM> tags round your motion.conf text. That makes it readable.

Note that you can also attach file to the topic. Just use the "Attach Image or Document" link below. It is very easy. The files gets added in a nice table below the topic text automatically.

I have a support request which in reality is a bug report.

http://www.lavrsen.dk/twiki/bin/view/Motion/SupportQuestion2005x07x17x092359

I have seen an ffmpeg film of this.

There is one thing in common. The issue is related to the use of Network cameras.

I am convinced it is the Netcam code that has a buffer problem. The netcam code is being looked at now but it will probably be until 3.2.3 before we can expect a good fix. It may require new Netcam code.

-- KennethLavrsen - 19 Jul 2005


Can I kindly ask you to try the motion-3.2.2_snap8?

http://www.lavrsen.dk/twiki/bin/view/Motion/MotionRelease3x2x2snap8

This complete rewrite should have solved this problem but we need feedback to know if this is the case and also to get any new bugs surfaced before next 3.2.2 release.

-- KennethLavrsen - 02 Aug 2005

Fix record

New netcam code included from motion-3.2.2_snap10 has resolved this problem.

-- KennethLavrsen - 11 Aug 2005

Reopen

Sorry for the delay in trying this fix. I was on vacation.

I downloaded 3.2.3 and can report that the sequence problem appears to be corrected.

However, I note that now there appears to be at least 2-3 identical frames produced for every frame captured. I can tell they are identical as comparing the jpegs, not even the leaves on the trees move in the wind or the moving cars change their position. The jpegs appear to come out in the following sequence:

frame 1: 01-094808-00.jpg, 01-094808-01.jpg, 01-094809-00.jpg frame 2: 01-094809-01.jpg, 01-094810-00.jpg, 01-094810-01.jpg

I am not sure what the protocol on the bug reports is, so I have changed the status back to New

-- PhilipWalden - 24 Aug 2005

Answer

Assuming that your motion.conf is still the same...

You have framerate 2. That should be OK.

You connect fetching single jpegs and not mjpeg.

From 3.2.3 Motion will ask for a new jpg as set by framerate. If it does not get a picture it copy the previous frame.

So what you see is that your link to your camera must be pretty poor.

-- KennethLavrsen - 24 Aug 2005

Hmmmm. I did not have duplicate frames with 3.2.1 and I have not changed any of the hardware or software configurations. The only change was to build 3.2.3 and run that instead.

I suspect it is more than a poor frame rate issue.

I will try framerate = 1 and see what happens though.

-- PhilipWalden - 25 Aug 2005

Actually I just noticed that the framerate applies to V4L webcam devices, while I am using a netcam. So I suspect the problem is with the netcam buffer logic fix that was just made.

-- PhilipWalden - 25 Aug 2005

framerate = 1 make no difference. I suspect it is being ignored as either it applies only to webcams and not netcams or the range is 2 or more

-- PhilipWalden - 27 Aug 2005

The valid range for framerate is 2 - whatever you have CPU power for.

Do you use the mjpeg stream from the camera or jpeg? mjpeg is best!

Have you tried one of the latest daily snap shots?

We have addressed most of the issues now.

The only thing we cannot prevent is duplicate images when you fetch jpegs faster than the camera can update them. That would require comparing jpegs and then we risk loosing frames that we actually want from very stable quiet netcams where new images do get made but with same content.

-- KennethLavrsen - 28 Aug 2005

BugReportForm edit

TopicTitle motion events written in reverse order (with netcams)
BugStatus Released
AssignedBugTo BillBrack
SubmittedBy PhilipWalden
Topic revision: r13 - 29 Aug 2005, KennethLavrsen
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